STI/SPFA Steel Water Pipe Section Technical Papers

Name of Document Issue company Author Date Subject
108-Inch Diameter Steel Water Conduit Failure and Assessment of AWWA Practice AWWA Andrew Eberhardt 0987 Brittle Fracture
61-5/8" O.D. x .3174" Wall Thickness F.W. Test Stand TP&S Research Project F.O. 72003 - Test No. 2 Thompson Pipe and Steel Company July 9, 1984 Joints
61-5/8" O.D. x .3174" Wall Thickness F.W. Test Stand TP&S Research Project F.O. 72003 - Test No. 5 Thompson Pipe and Steel Company September 20, 1984 Joints
61-5/8" O.D. x .3174" Wall Thickness F.W. Test Stand TP&S Research Project F.O. 72003 - Test No. 6 Thompson Pipe and Steel Company September 19, 1984 Joints
Aboveground Pipeline Response to Random Ground Motion ASCE Pradipta Banerji & Aurobindo Ghosh 1995 Seismic
An Approach to Extend Seismic Vulnerability Relationships for Large Diameter Pipelines ASCE Gouglas G. Honegger 1995 Seismic
An Investigation into the History and Use of Welded Lap Joints for Steel Water Pipe ASCE Dr. Reynold K. Watkins & Robert J. Card & Nash Williams 2006 Joints
Analysis and Behavior of Steel Piple Welded Lap Joints in Geohazard Areas ASCE Spyros A. Karamanos & Evangelia Koritsa & Brent Keil & Robert J. Card 2015 Seismic
Analysis of Alternative Pipe Materials for a Major Public Water Agency ASCE Michael T. Stift & George F. Ruchti 1990 Design
Analyzing Pipe Line Stresses Pipe Line Industry William E. Wilbur February 1963 Design
Assessment Methodology for Steel Penstocks Waterpower '95 Patrick J. Regan & Richard Mattson (PG&E), Charles S. Ahlgren (ASCE) Penstocks
Attenuation of Stresses for Buried Cylinders ASCE Jerome Q. Burns & Ralph M. Richard 1964 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Autogenous Healing of Cracks in Cement-Mortar Linings for Gray-Iron and Ductile-Iron Water Pipe AWWA Ernest F. Wagner June 1974 Lining & Coating
Basics of Flexible Pipe Structural Design ASCE R.C. Prevost & K.K. Kienow 1964 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Behavior of Large-Diameter Pipelines at Fault Crossings ASME T.P. Desmond, M.S. Power, C.L. Taylor & R.W. Lau 1995 Seismic
Black Creed Hydro Project High-Line Cable Penstock Installation Waterpower '95 Kenneth C. Fonnesbeck & Roger Ellicock (ASCE) Penstocks
Bolted Flanged Connections with Full Face Gaskets WRC Bulletin 314 A.E. Blach, A. Bazergui & R. Baldur May 1986 Flanges
Buckling of Cylinders in a Confining Medium ASCE C.V. Chelapati & J.R. Allgood 1972 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Buckling of Soil-Surounded Tubes ASCE Ulrich Luscher November 1966 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Buckling Resistance of Steel Liners for Circular Pressure Tunnels Water Power Ian W. McCaig & Paul J. Folberth July 1962 Tunnel Liners
Buried Flexible Pipes - Deflections and Stresses Caused by an Incease in Soil Cover - Highway Crossing ASCE Dr. Reynold K. Watkins P.E & Robert J. Card, P.E 2012 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Buried Flexible Pipes - Deflections and Stresses Caused by an Increase in Soil Cover ASCE Dr. Reynold K. Watkins & Robert J. Card 2012 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Buried Steel Penstocks Steel Plate Engineering Data Vol 4. 1992 Penstocks
Cavitation Damage to Hydraulic Structures AWWA William J. Rahmeyer May 1981 General
Centennial Water Pipelines NACE Mid-America Corrosion Conference Walt Chapman October 1995 Corrosion
Cheyenne Stage II Water Delivery Pipeline and Shoshone Municipal Water Supply Pipeline ASCE Jeff B. Fuller & Edward A. Katana 1980 Design
Comparing spiral with U & O Press Pipe Fabricator Magazine Ben Dolphin March/April 1980 Spiral Pipe
Corrosion Failures in the Water Industry Case Histories Henkels & McCoy, Inc. Michael J. Szeliga, P.E. September 1992 Corrosion
Critical Vacuum in Buried Thin-Wall Steel Pipes Buried Structures Laboratory Reynold K. Watkins December 1989 Vacuum
Crushing Strength of Steel Pipe Lined and Coated with Cement Mortar AISI SPFA Leslie Paul & Owen F. Eide October 1951 Vacuum
Deflection of Buried Pipes ASCE Reynold K. Watkins & Albert B. Smith April 1974 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Demystifying Cathodic Protection SPFA - Bulletin No. 1-94 Donald M. Waters January 1994 General
Design of Buried, Pressurized, Flexible Pipe ASCE Reynold K. Watkins 1970 Design
Design of Circular Soil-Culvert Systems Colorado State University F. Dwayne Nielson  1970 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Design of Flanges Flanges
Design of Large Pipe Lines ASCE Herman Schorer 1931 Design
Design of Large Pressure Conduits in Rock ASCE F.W. Patterson, R.L. Clinch & I.W. McCaig December 1957 Tunnel Liners
Design of Long-Span Self-supporting Steel Pipe AWWA Gairald H. Garrett May 1948 Aboveground Pipelines
Design of Steel Pipe with Cement Coating and Lining AWWA E. Shaw Cole June 1955 Lining & Coating
Design of Steel Ring Flanges for Water Works Service - A Progress Report AWWA Russell E. Barnard October 1950 Flanges
Design of Tunnel Liners for Internal and External Pressure State of California Resources Agency, Department of Water Resources Nestor G. Ramos & Edward A. Abrams January 1968 Tunnel Liners
Design of Wye Branches for Steel Pipe AWWA H.S. Swanson, H.J. Chapton, W.J. Wilkinson, C.L. King & E.D. Nelson June 1955 Wye Branch
Design Requirement for Internally Pressurized, Apiral-Welded Thick-Walled Cylindrial Shells Center for Acoustics, Mechanics and Materials, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado Thomas L. Geers November 27, 1991 Spiral Pipe
Design Standards for Large-Diameter Steel Water Pipe AWWA Walter H. Cates September 1950 Design
Designing and Installing Large Steel Water Mains to Prevent Failures AWWA Stanley T. Fletcher 1982 Brittle Fracture
Designing Steel Tunnel Liners for Hydro Plants Hydro Review Edgar T. Moore October 1990 Tunnel Liners
Determination of stresses on Anchor Blocks ASCE M.R. Bouchayer December 1959 Design
Development and Use of the Modpares Device ASCE Journal of the Pipeline Division January 1964 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Development of General Formulas for Bolted Flanges Taylor Forge & Pipe Works E.O. Waters, D.B. Rossheim. D.B. Wesstrom & F.S.G. Williams 1949 Flanges
Development of Minimum Pipe-Cover Requirements for C-5A and Other Aircraft Loadings U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station Soils & Pavements Laboratory C.C.Calhoun, Jr., & H.H.Ulery, Jr. November 1973 Ring Deflection, External Loads
E' and Its Variation with Depth ASCE James D. Hartley & James M. Duncan 1987 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Earhquake Loss Estimation Techniques for Pipelines ASCE Donald Ballantyne 1995 Seismic
Earthquake Behavior of Buried Pipelines, Storage, Telecommunication, and Transportation Facilities ASME PVP Vol 162 1989 Seismic
Earthquake Vulnerability of Water Systems ASCE Donald Ballantyne February 1993 Seismic
Effects of High-Strength Steel in the Design and Use of AWWA C200 Steel Water Pipe AWWA Dennis Dechant 1992 Design
Effects of High-Strength Steel in the Design of Steel Water Pipe Underground Pipeline Engineering Robert J. Card & Dennis A. Dechant 1992 General
Effects of High-Strength Steel in the Design of Steel Water Pipe Underground Pipeline Engineering Robert J. Card & Dennis A. Dechant 1995 General
Effects of Lateral Spreading on Buried Pipelines During the 1971 San Fernando Earthquake ASCE T.O. O'Rourke 1983 Seismic
Experimental Work on Large Steel Pipeline at Kirtling Transport & Road Research Laboratory, England J.J. Trott & J. Gaunt 1972 Ring Deflection, External Loads
External Corrosion - Introduction to Chemistry and Control AWWA M27 October 1991 Corrosion
Fabricated Steel Ring Flanges for Water Pipe Service for Low Pressures and Low Temperatures AWWA H.O. Hill, W.W. Lewis & H.J. Easter Sept 1944 Flanges
Failures of 108-Inch Steel Pipe Water Main ASCE Piotr D. Moncarz 1987 Brittle Fracture
Field Experiment on Behavior of continuous Water Main with a Miter Bend Japan Association of Water Steel Pipe Nobuhisa Suzuki, Hiroshi Shima & Yoshiyuki Mohre Design
Flowing Water Prevents Freezing Water & Sewer D.S. Davis 1965 General
Freezing of Water in Exposed Pipelines AWWA Thomas M. Riddick, Norman L. Lindsay & Antonio Tomassi November 1950 General
Friction Factors for Large Conduits Flowing Full US Department fo the Interior Bureau of Reclamation J.N. Bradley & L.R. Thompson March 1951 General
Frost Loadings on Underground Pipe AWWA Harry Smith December 1976 Design
Fundamentals of Weld Discontinuities and Their Significance Welding Research Council Bulletin 295 Carl D. Lundin Welding
General Problem of Flange Design Fred E. Cornwell Flanges
Guidelines for the Seismic Design of Oil and Gas for the Pipeline Systems ASCE Committee on Gas and Liquid Fuel Lifelines of the ASCE Technical Council on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering October 1, 1984 Seismic
History of Steel Water Pipe its Fabrication and Design Development Walter H. Cates April 1971 General
Impact of Hydrocarbons on PE/PVC Pipes and Pipe Gaskets AWWA Research Foundation General
Influence of Circumferential Tension on the Transverse Bending of a Pressure Conduit on Concrete Masonry Supports in the Vicinity of the Support Pablo H. Arriaga Aboveground Pipelines
Influence of Water Composition on the Corrosion of Steel Calgon Co. (div. Of Hagan chemicals & Controls Inc.) George B. hatch & Owen Rice June 1959 Corrosion
Innovative Design of Large Diameter Fittings for the Lake Fork Interconnect Vault ASCE Robert J. Card 2010 Design
Investigation & Rehabilitation of Seattle's Tolt Pipeline ASCE Walter F. Anton Rehab
Large Diameter Pressure Pipeline Trenchless Rehabilitation ASCE Michael R. Laderman 1995 Rehab
Large Diameter Steel Water Pipe - Comparing Classic ASCE Robert J. Card 2014 Design
Large Diameter, High-Pressure Steel Pipe Design AWWA J.A. McCullough  September 1991 Design
Large Steel Penstock Relining:  The Blue Ridge Dam Rehabilitation ASCE B. Nash Williams & Brad Sando 2012 Penstocks
Lifeline Utilities Lessons, Northridge Earthquake ASCE Le Val Lund Seismic
Load-Carrying Capacity of Welded Slip Joints Pressure Vessels & Piping Division, Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology M.S. Tawfil & T.D. O'Rourke - Cornell University February 1985 Joints
Long Span Pipe Thompson Pipe & Steel Co. Catalog B-2B Aboveground Pipelines
Microbiological Studies Reveal Significant Factors in Oil and Gas Pipeline Back-filled Ditched Kansas State University Technical Bulletin 135 Dr. J.O. Harris December 1963 Corrosion
Microtunneling Forces NO-DI, A Division of MCP Industries, Inc. Robert Lys, Jr. & Thomas M. Garrett Design
Minimum Cover for Buried Conduits Under Construction Loads ASCE Reynold K. Watkins February 1968 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Minimum Thickness for Handling Steel Pipes Water Power & Dam construction J. Parmakian June 1982 Design
Modules of Soil Reaction Values for Buried Flexible Pipe ASCE Amster K. Howard January 1977 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Mokelumne Aqueduct Seismic Upgrade Project ASCE Christopher F. dodge & David L. Pratt 1995 Seismic
New bonded Tape coating Systems and Cathodic Protection applied to Non-Steel Water Pipelines:  Quality Through Proper Design Specifications Underground Pipeline Engineering James R. Noonan, Bryan M. Bradish, P.E. Corrosion
New Design Criteria for USBR Penstocks ASCE Harold G. Arthur & John J. Walker January 1970 Penstocks
New High Pressure Steel ater Supply Line for Colorado Springs AWWA E.L. Mosley August 1940 General
New Modulus of Soil Reaction - E' Values for Buried Thermoplastic Pipe Design ASCE Jey K. Jeyapalan & Peggy A. Jaramillo 1993 Ring Deflection, External Loads
New Orleans Large Diameter Steel Force Main Condition Assessment Using Altnerate Failure Criteria ASCE Ed Barnhurst June, 2013 Corrosion
New Steel Pipe Joining System for Trenchless Installation and Rehabilitation ASCE Michael E. Argent, David A. Pecknold & Rami M. HajAli Design
Nuts and Bolts of a corrosion Control Program Marin Municipao Water District, Corte Madera, CA Theodore D. Harrington, P.E. 1985 Corrosion
Observations on Mortar Lining of Steel Pipelines ASCE Samuel Aronl, G. Louis Fletcher November 1979 Lining & Coating
PCCP Inspection and Remediation Methods San Diego County Water Authority Ergun Bakall, Michael T. Stift & Paul W. Johnson Rehab
Penstock Analysis and Stiffener Design US Department fo the Interior Bureau of Reclamation Boulder Canyon Project Final Reports 1940 Penstocks
Penstock Evaluation Using Risk Assessment Methodologies Waterpower '95 Patrick J. Regan, Charles S. Ahlgren (PG&E) & Michael L. Miller (ASCE) Penstocks
Performance of Ductile-Iron Pipe in Soils Journal American Water Works Association, "Vol. 60, No. 6 Melvin Ronanoff June 1968 Corrosion
Performance Testing of Underground Storage Tank Against Buckling ASCE Wayne Geyer, P.E. & Robert J. Card, P.E. 2012 General
Permeation of Organic Contminants through PVC Pipes Iowa State University Feng Mao, James A. Gaunt & Say Kee Ong May 2009 General
Permeation of Petroleum-Based Aromatic Componds Through Polyethylene Pipes Under Simulated Field Conditions Iowa State University Feng Mao, James A. Gaunt & Say Kee Ong 2006 General
Physical, Chemical, Electrical, and Biological Aspects Relating to the Bonc or Unbonding of Coatings Kansas State University Dept. of Bacteriology Dr. J.O. Harris May 4, 1961 Corrosion
Pipe Bedding and Backfill Bureau of Reclamation  Geotechnical Branch Training Manual No. 7 1981 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Pipe Restraints:  Design Fallacies ASCE PatrickJ. Creegan 1963 Design
Pipeline Crossings Under Railroads and Highways Iowa State University Merlin G. Spangler 1964 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Pipeline Leak Repair Methods Brico Industries, Inc. Robert J. Card 1997 Rehab
Pipeline Problems - Brittle Fracture, Joint Stresses, and Welding AWWA Robert V. Phillips, Roland Triay Jr., & Stephen M. Marynick July 1972 Brittle Fracture
Pipeline Response to Permanent Ground Deformation:  A Benchmark Case ASCE T.O. O'Rourke, Michael J. O'Rourke 1995 Seismic
Plastic Linings and Coatings for Steel Water Pipe AWWA Graydon E. Burnett & Carl E. Selander April 1958 Lining & Coating
Portland's New Transmission Line AWWA Ben S. Morrow May 1954 General
Postweld Heat Treatment of Pressure Vessel Steels WRC Bulletin 302 R.D. Stout 1985 Welding
Prediction of Flexible Pipe Deflection Bureau of Reclamation  Amster K. Howard, Leo Kinney & Richard Fuerst Janusry 1995 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Prediction of Pitting Rates in Ferrous Metals from Soil Parameters Journal AWWA John R. Rossum Corrosion
Pressure Vessel Stress Test Results Thompson Pipe & Steel Bridge Diagnostics, Inc. February 1994 Joints
Proper Steel Pipeline Design AWWA Kenneth G. Wilkes February 1973 Brittle Fracture
Proposed Reinforcement Design Procedure for Radial Nozzles in Spherical Shells with Internal Pressure (Phase Report No. 1) and Proposed Reinforcement Desigh Procedure for Radial Nozzles in Cylindrical Shells with Internal Pressure (Phase Report No. 4)  ASCE R.L. Cloud & E.C. Rodabaugh October 1968 Design
Protection with Mortar Coatings, Coating thickness Governs Degree of Protection University of California, Berkeley I. Cornet March 1967 Corrosion
Proven Economic Performance of Cathodic Protection and Anticorrosion Systems in the Water Pipeline Industry SPFA - Bulletin No. 6-6 James R. Noonan June 1996 General
Providing Flexibility in Underground, Continuous-Welded Steel Pipe Plant Engineering E.C. Goodling August 1978 Design
Rational Design for Pipelines Across Inundated Areas ASCE Tank Committee on floatiation Studies & Pipeline Installations February 1961 Design
Recent Advances in Lifeline Earthquake Engineering in Japan ASME PVP Vol 43 1980 Seismic
Reinforcement of Branch Pieces British J.S. Blair June 1946 Wye Branch
Relative Earthquake Vulnerability of Water Pipe ASME Donald Ballantyne 1995 Seismic
Relining of Jordan Aqueduct, Reach 3 Bureau of Reclamation Douglas H. Wegener Rehab
Repair of Large Water Mains ASCE Kirby Shaddix 1987 Rehab
Review of Penstock Branch Connections US Department fo the Interior Bureau of Reclamation Frederick O. Ruud August 10-20, 1985 Penstocks
Revision of the AWWA C200 Steel Water Pipe Manufacturing Standard: Consensus-Based Changes Mark Significant Improvements ASCE John Bambei, Brent Keil June, 2013 Design
Ring Deflection of Buried Pipes Utah State University Reynold K. Watkins & Albert B. Smith May 1966 Lining & Coating
Ruptured Water Pipe Repaired with Steel Plate Liners Water/Engineering & Management December 1988 Rehab
Seismic Damage Estimation for Buried Pipeline Systems ASME William F. Heubach 1995 Seismic
Seismic Design of Buried Steel Water Pipelines ASCE Spyros A. Karamanos & Brent Keil & Robert J. Card 2014 Seismic
Seismic Performance of Van Norman Water Lifelines ASCE Craig A. Davis & J.P. Bardet Seismic
Shielding Effects of Concrete and Urethane Foam External Pipeline Barrier Coatings MP Magazine Daniel P. Werner, Thomas J. Barlo, Keith E.W. Coulson February 1992 Corrosion
Shop and Field Inspection of Steel Water Mains Steel Main Inspection Edward J. Clark August 1949 General
Slurry Handling Systems Slurry Systems T.C. Aude December 1972 Design
Soil Compaction and Equipment for Confined Areas Wacker Corporation Design
Soil Loads at Pipeline Crossings ASCE T.D. O'Rourke, S.L.El-Gharbawy & H.E. Stewart 1993 Design
Some Characteristics of the Modulus of Passive Resistance of Soil:  A Study in Similitude Iowa State University Reynold K Watkins & M.G. Spangler 1950 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Specify the Right Steel for your Steel Water Pipe ASCE George J. Tupac 1995 Design
Spiral-weld pipe meets high-pressure needs Oil & Gas Journal Baldur Sommer February 1, 1982 Spiral Pipe
Stability of Pipeline when Excavatting a Parallel Trench Utah State University Reynold K Watkins  October 1969 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Steel for Welded Water Pipe - Fracture Toughness and Structural Performance SPFA - Bulletin No. 11-3 John M Barsom November 1993 General
Steel Pipe Wrinkling due to Longitudinal Permanent Ground Deformation ASME Michael J. O'Rourke 1995 Seismic
Steel Pipeline Design - 4 Papers on Steel Pipeline Design (Slurry, Liquid Petroleum Gas & Water)  ASCE Ralph C. Hughes, William R. DeKeyser, Lowell L Elder & G.R. Wilson 1974 Design
Steel Ring Flanges for Steel Pipe American Rolling Mill Co. Harry LaTour & Russell Barnard 1947 Flanges
Steel Siphon Rehabilitation on the Los Angeles Aqueduct AWWA W.W. Hurlbut, Burton S. Grant & H. Arthur Price 1942 Rehab
Steel Water Pipe for Exposed and Buried Crossings ASCE George Ruchti & Robert Card 1996 Design
Steel Water Pipe for Exposed and Buried Crossings ASCE George Ruchti & Robert Card 1996 General
Strength of Bell-and-Spigot Joints ASCE Roger L. Brockenbrough 1990 Joints
Stress Analysis of Hydraulic Turbine Parts US Department fo the Interior Bureau of Reclamation Frederick O. Ruud July 1962 Penstocks
Stress Analysis of Pipe Shell Supported on Saddles H.J. Hahm October 1957 Aboveground Pipelines
Stress Analysis of Wye Branches US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation F.O. Ruud August 1964 Wye Branch
Stresses in Steel Pipelines at Saddle Supports Australian R.D. Stokes 1965 Aboveground Pipelines
Structural Design of Buried Circular Conduits Utah State University Reynold K. Watkins January 1966 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Structural Design of Buried Pipes ASCE Robert J. Care, P.E 2012 General
Structural Design of Buried Pipes ASCE Robert J. Card 2012 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Structural Design of Pipeline Casing Pipes ASCE Merlin G. Spangler October 1968 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Structural Investigation of Penstock Y-Branch ASCE M. Kaltsouni 1995 Wye Branch
Structures in Soil Under High Loads ASCE Jay R. Allgood April 1970 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Sudden Pressure Drop and Pipeline Failure - Case Studies AWWA E. John List General
Tacoma's Second Supply Project Challenges and Solutions ASCE Roger Beieler, Craig Gibson & Tim Larson General
Technical Work on Flexible Pipe/Soil Interaction Overview ASCE Jay Schrock 1990 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Tests of Cylindrical Shells University of Illinois Wilbur M. Wilson & Emery D. Olson Design
The Efficiency of Single Fillet Welded Circumferential Pipe Joints on 48" I.D. Welded Steel Pipe United States Steel Consolidated Western Steel, Division of USS Tests Performed 1958 - Dated September 1962 Joints
The Interface Boundary Conditions for Bolted Flanged Connections Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology J.C. Thompson November 1976 Flanges
The Langelier Index AWWA R. Rhodes Trussell, Larry L. Russell General
The Manufacture and Use of High Yield Strength Spiral Welded Pipes Hoesch Rohrenwerke AG Heinz Grohs June 1971 Spiral Pipe
The Strain Equation - Incidence on Buried Steel Pipe Design ASCE R.C. Prevost 1995 Ring Deflection, External Loads
The Z-Joint for Steel Pipe AWWA Tadaaki Naruse & Jun'etsu Niizawa August 1976 General
Thompson Pipe and Steel Co. 25-3/8" O.D. x .188 Wall Test Stand Thompson Pipe and Steel Company October 2, 1981 Joints
Time-Deflection Field Test of 120-cm Steel, Fiberglass, and Pretensioned Concrete Pipe ASCE Amster Howard 1995 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Transport of Material by Fluids in Pipes Colorado State University - Civil Engineering Section A.R. Chamerlain, N. Yotsukura, S.S. Karaki & M.L. Albertson August 1960 Transport of Materials in Fluids
Transportation of Solids in Steel Pipelines Colorado State University - School of Mines Research Foundation 1963 Transport of Materials in Fluids
Trench Widths for Buried Pipes ASCE Reynold King Watkins 1995 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Underground Conduits - An Appraisal of Modern Research ASCE M.G. Spangler 1964 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Underground Pipeline Materials, Design and Construction:  What Have We Learned During 1985-1995?  Where Do We Go From Here? American Ventures Inc. Jey K. Jeyapalan, Wesley E. Saleira Design
Use of a Trench Liner Fabric for Stabilization of Soil-ipe System Jeff B. Arnold October 1988 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Use of High-Tensil Steels (High-Pressure Tansmission Lines AWWA H. Arthur Price 1960 Design
Vacuum Design of Welded Steel Pioe Buried in Poor Soil AISI SPFA Reynold K. Watkins & George J. Tupac Vacuum
Vertical Pressue on the Base of a Conical Stockfile of Cohesionless Soil Utah State University Reynold K. Watkins & Mikal McKinnon January 1968 Ring Deflection, External Loads
Welded Steel Penstocks:  Design and Construction US Department fo the Interior Bureau of Reclamation P.J. Bier July 1949 Penstocks
Welded Steel Pipe Revised Edition - 1996 Steel Plate Engineering Data Vol 3. 1996 General
What Designers Should Know About Fracture Toughness ASCE Arthur I. Elliott 1928 Brittle Fracture
Witnessing of Measurement and Hydrostatic Testing of Steel Pipe, 61-5/8 inch Outside Diameter Field Weld Bell and Spigot Joint - 4° Miter Cut at your Plant (Q4154) Thompson Pipe and Steel Company Gregory R. Wessel September 21, 1984 Joints
Witnessing of Measurement and Hydrostatic Testing of Steel Pipe, 61-5/8 inch Outside Diameter Field Weld Test No. 1  Bell and Spigot Joint -  at your Plant (Q4154) Thompson Pipe and Steel Company Gregory R. Wessel July 9, 1984 Joints
Witnessing of Measurement and Hydrostatic Testing of Steel Pipe, 61-5/8" Outside Diameter Field Weld Test No. 3 Bell and Spigot Joint at your Plant (Q-4154) Thompson Pipe and Steel Company Gregory R. Wessel July 24, 1984 Joints
Witnessing of Measurement and Hydrostatic Testing of Steel Pipe, 61-5/8" Outside Diameter, 0.3174 Thickness Field Test No. 4 Lap Joint Spigott at your Plant (Q-4154) Thompson Pipe and Steel Company Mark A. Stadig August 24, 1984 Joints

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